Botsford Hospital
28050 Grand River Ave.
Farmington Hills, MI 48336-5919
(248) 471-8000
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Orthopedics
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Joint Replacement

The Knee Replacement Procedure

Total knee replacement, also called total knee arthroplasty, uses metal alloy and polyethylene (plastic) components to resurface the bones in the joint. The implants are designed to re-create the shape of the bones in a healthy joint.

The end of the thighbone can be compared to a rocking chair. It has two distinct surfaces, or rockers, that contact the top of the shinbone. Each rocker is called a condyle, and there are two condyles at the end of the thighbone. The femoral component re-creates each rocker at the end of the thighbone. The top of the tibia is covered with a metal tray that is used to support the polyethylene plastic bearing. The polyethylene acts as the joint's natural cartilage, absorbing stress and providing smooth movement. The polyethylene on the back of the kneecap also provides smooth movement against the femoral component.

 

Healthy Knee
Healthy Knee
Arthritic Knee
Arthritic Knee
After Surgery
After Surgery
Knee Implant
Knee Implant

Patient Education information provided by Biomet, Inc. - Advanced Science for Real Living™